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From version 12: FreeNAS becomes TrueNAS

FreeNAS has been a popular storage solution for years, also for home use - I myself have been using the system with four hard drives in HP Proliant microservers for several years. With version 12, FreeNAS now becomes TrueNAS - iXsystems brings together the commercial and free branch of the NAS operating system. The advantage should be: instead of two separate code versions only one has to be developed further. Most striking innovation: in ...

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Email Archiving with MailStore Home Portable

Despite the spread of messengers such as WhatsApp or Telegram, the classic mail is not yet obsolete - day after day there are more and more mails slumbering in the inbox. Whether it's a booking confirmation for the next holiday, a message from friends or the invoice for the last purchase, you get everything by e-mail. Mail providers such as GMX, however, have only limited storage space, at least in the free version, ...

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Bandwidth management in the home office

If you normally upload large amounts of data while away from home, you may have a problem with the cloud up-cloud or backup replication in times of home office. Similarly, family members may experience problems when they want to upload large amounts of data in parallel. To avoid this, there are various approaches to distribute the available bandwidth in the best possible way without causing bottlenecks in the home network. Traffic-Shaping By means of ...

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FreeNAS 11.3 released: faster ZFS replication

iXsystems has released FreeNAS 11.3, the latest version of the free NAS operating system. With FreeNAS an existing x86 system can be turned into a network attached storage with different plugins and shares. The ZFS file system is used, which together with the FreeBSD substructure offers a wide range of possibilities. I use FreeNAS on a HP Gen8 microserver and a N36L microserver - the second device is used for replication of the data.

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FreeNAS: ZFS Replication via Wireguard

So far I have used OpenVPN for the synchronization of my two FreeNAS boxes. Wireguard is a fast alternative, but a bit more complicated in setup. ZFS replication is a handy tool to keep data synchronized between two FreeNAS installations. The purpose of this is to create an offsite backup where the data would survive a house fire or burglary without using external cloud services (which is not necessary for privacy reasons).

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Wireguard: Peer IP check

Anyone using Wireguard with peers whose IP address changes (e.g. because they are on a private DSL connection) must regularly check the IP address. Wireguard itself only does a DNS resolution when starting the interface to get the current IP address of the peer. However, if, for example, the address of the server changes, the connection will eventually fail. Fortunately, this can be done with a small script, which can be ...

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Why WordPress security is important

If you run a small blog, you might think that a secure password or 2-factor authentication is not that important. However, this is a fallacy: even a blog a little only a few dozen accesses per day is sufficiently in the focus of the "hackers" that there are several login attempts per day. By means of a fail2ban plugin (I use https://wp-fail2ban.com/) failed login attempts can be logged and the IP addresses from which ...

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FreeNAS: Speed up SMB/CIFS collection

If you have set up a Windows share with FreeNAS, you can significantly reduce the time it takes to list the files in a folder. To do this, you need to pass some parameters to Samba. This can be easily done via the interface by setting "Auxiliary Parameters" for the SMB service. The listing of directories and files is much faster after the changes - so far I have used the ...

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FreeNAS 11.2: new web interface & new features

After FreeNAS 10 "Corral" was a first - quickly failing - attempt to introduce a new user interface, now with FreeNAS 11.2 there is a new, AngularJS based UI. This is also optimized for mobile use. Apart from the web interface, there are a number of new features for FreeNAS 11.2, which logically continue and extend the previous development. The most important changes: FreeBSD boot-loader instead of GRUB plugins and jails will be used instead of ...

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Freenas 11.1: use the integrated OpenVPN client

For some time now, I have been using two FreeNAS boxes at two locations to back up my data using ZFS snapshots and replication. This connection should be additionally secured by OpenVPN. The idea: at both locations one Raspberry Pi each, which are connected via OpenVPN, plus corresponding static routes so that the two FreeNAS boxes can reach each other. The basis for this is the approach to build an OpenVPN gateway. But: it also works ...

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